Workers in factories are massively replaced by robots, office and household appliances are connected to the Internet. The world is undergoing an industrial revolution. It changes the familiar economy as much as it was changed in the 19th century by the advent of the engine or the invention of the computer in the 20th.
These changes increase the efficiency of the global economy, change the usual ways of making money, and gaining added value.
Industrial world revolutions occur with the advent of new methods of production and earnings.
This is the essence of all industrial revolutions: the usual methods of labor lose their significance with the advent of more advanced ones. After all, global innovations make it possible to better fulfill the tasks and earn more. Therefore, new technologies quickly spread around the world, changing not only approaches to business, but also society. And what used to bring results loses value, because it has a more profitable replacement.
New, more effective materials simply appeared, and the stone ceased to have such significance. And this characterizes the industrial revolution well. The familiar in the past has become unimportant because new, more effective mechanisms for achieving the result have appeared. And new life opportunities to make money that no one can imagine before.
The First Industrial Revolution Associated With The Advent Of The Engine
Industry in the modern sense arose thanks to the invention of a steam engine, which drives mechanisms. It was the first industrial revolution. Prior to that, mechanisms worked thanks to the efforts of man or natural forces. People harnessed animals, used the wind to grind grain or swim on the sea. The success of jobs depended on the forces of nature and the endurance of the workers, and productivity was low.
In the mid-18th century, the British began to use steam engines. They are more powerful than a man or a horse and work continuously, it is enough to load coal. For example, steam machine-printed 3 sheets per second. A person is unable to work at that speed.
The fastest industrialization and mass production was carried out by England, thanks to this, it became a world leader, ahead of other states. The British produced goods cheaper and faster than competitors using manual labor. Modern society is also the result of the digital revolution: in the industrial world, wealth is not helped by nobility and the right to land, but by the talent for business and ingenuity. Therefore, industrialists pressed the nobles, and cities became centers of life.
The second industrial revolution had little effect on the political situation in the world, but it changed our daily lives. Steam engines have one drawback: they must be located right at the place of work. When you put another machine in the workshop, you need to connect a new machine to it and bring coal to it.
But in 1870, scientists mastered electrical energy. If you go back to the example of printing, then the books were done the same way as in the steam era, but printing houses did not need their steam engines. Coal was burned at power plants, and then energy was supplied to the machines by wire. Without electricity, we would have to use coal-fired appliances, and we would have to forget about television. And in 1913 at the factories of Henry Ford began to use the conveyor, accelerating the assembly of complex equipment. So, there were more consumer common goods, they were cheaper, and not only rich people could afford them.
Automation And IT Spawned A Third Industrial Revolution
The previous industrial revolutions were led by the ever more efficient use of energy, which facilitated physical labor. In the twentieth century, people could not supplement, but partially replace human labor with machine labor: machines operate on conveyors, computers make calculations and “remember” data. If we recall book printing again, now smart printing machines can do without a person – the employee sends the layout and picks up the finished newspapers or books. Therefore, enterprises are becoming less and fewer workers.
However, the customer can do without a printing house at all and publish the book in electronic format. The Internet in our time has become a new way of delivering social and economic goods and services, and information technology not only helps to produce equipment, but they have also become part of it. IT specialists have become the same creators of digital technologies as hard workers in factories.
Following business production, competition has changed. Previously, the success of businesses was determined by the availability of goods and its simplest qualities. The fourth industrial revolution led to the competition of brands. Therefore, the invention in the modern sense is not only a new device or material but also a computer program or information that solves a problem. Aircraft designers will make planes safer not only with the help of improved alloys and structures but also with the help of programs that can make decisions in critical situations. And programmers who create applications for coordinating rescuers will improve the work of city services. The production of goods will become easier, and therefore cheaper, thanks to the improvement of assembly machines. They will receive artificial intelligence and will work without human intervention.