Often when you are working on the computer and sudden interruption to the workflow due to a blue screen of death can really dial down the productivity for the day. 

NTFS stands for New Technology File System (developed by Microsoft), which is the modern norm for file systems on Windows operating systems. It has overcome the limitations of storage size, less efficient in space management, the good old FAT32.

NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM error is an error code that has everything to do with your partition and hard drive. 

The error has been consistent across different Windows versions, starting from the veteran XP, back in the days. It generally is a result of a physical fault with the hard drives or corruption in the partition system. 

Reasons For The Error 

NTFS error codes are of a particular nature that is a result of problems with the storage, either in software or hardware. 

They need to be addressed on a priority basis as there is an added risk of losing your essential data on the hard drives. Data recovery is not cheap, and the bills can run into thousands of dollars. 

  • Faulty hard drives are amongst the top reason for this error
  • Damaged partitions or system files which are causing the BSOD
  • Corruption in RAM due to a variety of reasons
  • Malfunctioning of the Windows registry due to installation or uninstallation of a new software/application.

Solution #1 Check your Disk for Errors 

After the BSOD, if your computer is able to boot up, then go ahead with this solution.

Windows ships with the CHKDSK tool, which is meant to verify system integrity of the volume and repair logical errors present on the hard disk. The command-line tool can be accessed from the command prompt.

  1. Go to start menu search and type cmd. Open the command prompt in administrator mode by selecting the option from the right-click menu.

You can also use Ctrl + Shift + ENTER to open any program in administrator mode, without requiring to access the right-click menu.

  1. Enter the following command and press ENTER.
chkdsk C: /f  /r

C: denotes the drive letter in which you are checking for errors. /f is for fixing disk errors. /r is for recovering information from the sectors that have gone bad.

  1. The prompt will appear as Would you like to schedule this volume to be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N). Answer yes by typing Y and pressing ENTER.
  1. Whenever you restart your computer the next time, it will scan the partition for errors and attempt to fix them as per your commands.

Things To Remember

  • We recommend doing this for all the drives of your computer if the issue is not fixed to rule out problems with all the partitions.
  • The chkdsk tool only works on partitions that have been created. Unallocated or RAW space on the hard drives will not get scanned by this process. 
  • To repair NTFS file system and recover data, check this article.

Solution #2 Start-Up Repair

This solution is meant for scenarios when Windows is not booting up. 

Head to the Windows Boot Manager and choose the Change Defaults or choose other options > Troubleshoot PC > Automatic Repair.

In some cases, when the boot manager is not loading up either, then we follow the below method to use the startup repair option.

You will have to time-consuming measure that will require Windows 10 ISO and Windows USB/DVD bootable tool for creating a Windows bootable media.

  • Turn on your computer and boot-up with the Windows bootable media.
  • The installation wizard will appear on the screen. Look to the bottom of the screen and click on Repair your computer option.

  • Click on the Troubleshoot button there.

  • After that, click the Advanced options button.

  • Click on the Startup Repair button.

  • A prompt will appear to select your user account. Select your account and enter the password you use for logging in.
  • Click on continue, and the startup repair process will begin.

After the startup repair process has been completed successfully, it will create

a document titled SrtTrail.txt in the “C:\Windows\System32\Logfiles”. It will have the log of the entire process and help understand the diagnostics, repair, and fix in a better manner.

Note: If the repair tool cannot find any problem and your computer is loading fine, it will display Start Repair couldn’t repair your PC message on the screen.

Solution #3 Rebuild the Boot Manager

When the solution #2 doesn’t seem to work, and the Windows fails to load, we rebuild the boot manage from scratch.

  1. Access Advanced options like we did in the previous solution. Click on Command Prompt to open it up.
  1. Enter the following commands, pressing ENTER after each of them has been completed successfully. 
  • bootrec.exe /fixmbr
  • bootrec.exe /fixboot
  • bootrec.exe /rebuildbcd
  • bootrec /scanos

Entering the following commands will fix the master boot record(MBR), find the existing windows installations, or add new ones to the boot record(rebuildbcd) and other general boot issues.

Solution #4 Update Windows Drivers

Outdated, corrupted device drivers can sometimes be the most improbable cause for the NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM error that is occurring in the blue screen of death. 

  • Head to the Start menu and search for the Device Manager.
  • In the Device Manager, click on the computer’s different components and click on the Update driver option. 

It will provide options for the latest drivers to be downloaded from the Internet or browser locally on the computer.

On choosing the Search Automatically for Drivers, it will automatically search and install the latest drivers from the Internet.


NTFS errors are primarily associated with hard drives. It is recommended to be careful when handling hard drives physically. It’s a common reason for the BSOD. You can also learn more solutions to fix the BSOD issue.

Moreover, touching them while using it is seldom a good idea. The wire or the socket may get unlocked, and data transmission may get corrupted.